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It is likely that the name has been originated from the Cimmerians who conquered the region and probably founded the settlement.Under the domination of the Turkic tribes, Kumayri was Turkified as Gümrü.
Kumayri entered e new era of growth and progress, particularly when the nearby city of Ani became the capital of the kingdom in 961.
In 1837, Kumayri was renamed Alexandropol after of Tsar Nicholas I's wife, Princess Alexandra Fyodorovna.
Between 19, the city was known as Leninakan in honor of Vladimir Lenin.
However, at the beginning of the 5th century BC, Kumayri became part of the Satrapy of Armenia under the rule of the Orontids.
An alternative theory suggests that Kumayri has been formed as an urban settlement in the late 5th century BC, ca. Later in 331 BC, the entire territory was included in the Ayrarat province of Ancient Armenian Kingdom as part of the Shirak canton.
), is an urban municipal community and the second largest city in Armenia serving as the administrative centre of Shirak Province in the northwestern part of the country.
By the end of the 19th century, when the city was known as Alexandropol, during the Soviet period.
At the decline of the Urartu Kingdom by the second half of the 6th century BC, Kumayri became part of the Achaemenid Empire.
The remains of a royal settlement found just to the south of Gyumri near the village of Beniamin dating back to the 5th to 2nd centuries BC, are a great example of the Achemenid influence in the region.
The city's population grew above 200,000 prior to the 1988 Spitak earthquake, when it was devastated.
As of the 2011 census, the city had a population of 121,976, down from 150,917 reported at the 2001 census.
After the fall of the Ilkhanate in the mid-14th century, the Zakarid princes ruled over Lori, Shirak and Ararat plain until 1360 when they fell to the invading Turkic tribes.