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This article is about the whole family of side-blown, end-blown, vessel, and duct instruments.
One of those scales is named embūbum, which is an Akkadian word for "flute".As such, Jubal is regarded in the Judeo-Christian tradition as the inventor of the flute (a word used in some translations of this biblical passage).Archeological digs in the Holy Land have discovered flutes from both the Bronze Age (c.The Bible, in Genesis , cites Jubal as being the "father of all those who play the ugab and the kinnor".The former Hebrew term is believed by some to refer to some wind instrument, or wind instruments in general, the latter to a stringed instrument, or stringed instruments in general.4000-1200 BCE) and the Iron Age (1200-586 BCE), the latter era "witness[ing] the creation of the Israelite kingdom and its separation into the two kingdoms of Israel and Judea." The airstream creates a Bernoulli or siphon.
This excites the air contained in the usually cylindrical resonant cavity within the flute.The flutist changes the pitch of the sound produced by opening and closing holes in the body of the instrument, thus changing the effective length of the resonator and its corresponding resonant frequency.By varying the air pressure, a flutist can also change the pitch by causing the air in the flute to resonate at a harmonic rather than the fundamental frequency without opening or closing any holes.Flautist was used in 1860 by Nathaniel Hawthorne in The Marble Faun, after being adopted during the 18th century from Italy (flautista, itself from flauto), like many musical terms in England since the Italian Renaissance.Other English terms, now virtually obsolete, are fluter (15th–19th centuries) The oldest flute ever discovered may be a fragment of the femur of a juvenile cave bear, with two to four holes, found at Divje Babe in Slovenia and dated to about 43,000 years ago. The five-holed flute has a V-shaped mouthpiece and is made from a vulture wing bone.The researchers involved in the discovery officially published their findings in the journal Nature, in August 2009.