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The True Church Has the Faith of All the Apostles, Not Just One of Them Both teach that the true Church has the apostolic faith. In his old age, Polycarp even made a journey to Rome seeking to convince the bishop of Rome, Anicetus, of his errors in not celebrating the biblical Passover date and in observing, in its place, an annual Sunday Paschal observance (Easter) and a weekly celebration of "Eucharist" (Ogwyn J. And it is the COG that traces its leadership history from Peter to the Apostle John then essentially to Polycarp, and then through physical and spiritual successors of Polycarp (many of which are no longer known). Many Catholic devotions are based solely on private revelations: the Rosary, the Sacred Heart, and the Scapular are cases in point. They do not belong, however, to the deposit of faith. The Church allows freedom in accepting or rejecting particular or private prophecies according to the evidence for or against them. These are the things which defile a man" (Matthew -20). The Roman Catholics have accepted some teachings from Origen, but not all (nor should they have). But whether any of these orders who act under the government of the devil, and obey his wicked commands, will in a future world be converted to righteousness because of their possessing the faculty of freedom of will, or whether persistent and inveterate wickedness may be changed by the power of habit into nature, is a result which you yourself, reader, may approve of, if neither in these present worlds which are seen and temporal, nor in those which are unseen and are eternal, that portion is to differ wholly from the final unity and fitness of things (Origen. ..thus, through the numerous and uncounted orders of progressive beings who are being reconciled to God from a state of enmity, the last enemy is finally reached, who is called death, so that he also may be destroyed, and no longer be an enemy. It first occurs in his "De animâ et resurrectione" (P. It must, however, always be accepted as a principle that God does not chasten except to amend, and that the sole end of His greatest anger is the amelioration of the guilty... Joel ) and that God intends to save people “of all nations, tribes, peoples, and tongues” (Revelation 7:9). It is also of interest to note that this particular Marcus was a religious heretic with mystic practices. Both groups teach that Lent was not an original practice of the true church. Bede (De temporum ratione, I, v), relates to Estre, a Teutonic goddess of the rising light of day and spring... Samuele Bacchiocchi, in his book, From Sabbath to Sunday, acknowledges: "There is a wide consensus of opinion among scholars that Rome is indeed the birthplace of Easter-Sunday. Each Spring of the year, we hear a great deal about Jesus’ resurrection in connection with the custom of Easter. If the emperor interfered in church matters the pope's policy was to acquiesce if possible, unless obedience was sinful, according to the principle laid down in Epp. He who is chief among you collects a legion of blood-stained murderers, engaging to maintain them; and these ruffians are sent forth by him, and you assemble at the spectacle to be judges, partly of the wickedness of the adjudicator, and partly of that of the men who engage in the combat. At the beginning, in order to bring these happy results, having need of a powerful assistance, this holy Pontiff will ask the cooperation of the generous monarch of France (Great Monarch). John is a figure of the city of Rome, being so great, so proud of the Empire, and the destroyer of the saints. (Ancient Babylon was NOT a power, but end time Babylon is.) Even Catholic writers realize that the "Babylon" Jeremiah speaks of Jeremiah 51 is the "Roman Empire" as opposed to the ancient Babylon (Kurz, p. On May 27, 2012, Pope Benedict XVI warned that the world was becoming like ancient Babel (Babylon) and mentioned the Tower of Babel (Pope Discusses Modern ‘Tower of Babel’). But I and others, who are right-minded Christians on all points, are assured that there will be a resurrection of the dead, and a thousand years in Jerusalem, which will then be built, adorned, and enlarged, the prophets Ezekiel and Isaiah and others declare. The period after the consummation is to be the seventh day of creation--the Sabbath... Jerome said, "It is a common belief that the world will last 6,000 years." ... Perhaps it needs to be emphasized that the apparent view of the Roman Catholic Church (which I intend to document clearly in a later version of this article) is that all who happen to be alive at some time in the future when there is a Great Monarch who accompanied by a certain Pope will convert the world and nearly the whole world will be Catholic.
Roman Catholic Church: The Catholic view is different from such an individualistic and mechanical approach. The Original Church in Smyrna Was Faithful Both teach that the original church in Smyrna was faithful to what was taught by the apostles. Christianity was preached to the inhabitants at an early date. More recently, devotion to Our Lady of Fatima was accepted and encouraged by the Church. It is not their role to improve or complete Christ’s definitive Revelation... Commandment 4 "What man is there among you who has one sheep, and it falls into a pit on the Sabbath, will not lay hold of it and lift it out? Therefore, it is lawful to do good on the Sabbath" (Matthew -12). However, it may be of interest to read what noted historian K. Latourette observed about Origen as it is closer to the Roman Catholic position on purgatory, but closer COG position on the what will happen to those not converted in this age: Origen taught that ultimately all the spirits who have fallen away from God will be restored to full harmony with Him. When, therefore, all rational souls shall have been restored to a condition of this kind, then the nature of this body of ours will undergo a change into the glory of a spiritual body. A name given in the history of theology to the doctrine which teaches that a time will come when all free creatures will share in the grace of salvation; in a special way, the devils and lost souls. All souls, all impenitent beings that have gone astray, shall, therefore, be restored sooner or later to God's friendship. Christian love should be shown to people of all ethnicities (Romans ; Luke -37). Irenaeus correctly indicates, that he seems to have similarities to the one who would be the final Antichrist. Easter is the principal feast of the ecclesiastical year. Some, in fact, rightly label it as ‘Roman-Easter’" (p. Of course, what is not generally realized by the speakers of non-Latin languages is that the Romans did not use the name "Easter" for their new celebration; they continued to call it by the Latin word for Passover, paschalis (Ogwyn J. Most religious leaders know that Easter is the name of an ancient pagan goddess (spelled Ishtar) and some even know that the custom of Easter observance is totally UNCHRISTIAN! XI, xxix; "Quod ipse [se imperator] fecerit, si canonicum est, sequimur; si vero canonicum non est, in quantum sine peccato nostro, portamus." In taking this line Gregory was undoubtedly influenced by his deep reverence for the emperor, whom he regarded as the representative of God in all things secular, and must still be treated with all possible respect, even when he encroached on the borders of the papal authority (Huddleston, G. And he who misses the murderous exhibition is grieved, because he was not doomed to be a spectator of wicked and impious and abominable deeds (Tatian. Which is plainly spoken of that city, when it was heathen, the head of the terrene dominion of the world, the persecutor of the Apostles and their successors, the seat of Nero, Domitian, and the like, Christ's special enemies, the sink of idolatry, and false worship of the Pagan gods (Annotations on Chapter 17 of the Apocalypse. Yet, it should be realized that there are Roman and Byzantine Catholic prophecies that look forward to Babel/Babylon being re-established. For Isaiah spake thus concerning this space of a thousand years: 'For there shall be the new heaven and the new earth, and the former shall not be remembered, or come into their heart; but they shall find joy and gladness in it, which things I create'... I believe that as the last days come to an end so will the sixth day of creation (Culligan E. And while that type of "universal salvation" is interesting, those "saved" then combined with those who the Catholics teach were saved while alive earlier or in purgatory still only amounts to less than probably 30% of all humans to ever lived. As the Divinely appointed teacher of revealed truth, the Church is infallible... The authority of that law is again and again insisted on by Christ and His Apostles. Since the Church is infallible in its teaching, it follows that if the Church of Christ still exists it must be teaching His doctrine (O'Reilly TC. (Statement of Beliefs of the Continuing Church of God, accessed 09/04/13) The Name of the Church Both groups recognize that the name of the early church was often "Church of God." Over time, the Roman Catholics preferred Catholic which, while also in several of the early writings as a descriptor, is not used as the name of the Church in the New Testament. Christ had declared that His kingdom should be spread among all nations, and had committed the execution of the work to the twelve (Matthew ). Rome is simply not close enough to Asia Minor or Jerusalem for Peter to have been based out of Rome. (Statement of Beliefs of the Continuing Church of God, accessed 09/07/13) The Church of God does not believe it is possible that Jesus used one city as the headquarters for nearly the entire church age. The next faithful leader in Asia Minor..Polycarp, bishop of Smyrna. Scripture and Tradition Both groups have a different view of the applicability of tradition. Side by side with Scripture there is tradition, side by side with the written revelation there is the oral revelation. The Catholic Encyclopedia, Volume XV, Copyright © 1912 by Robert Appleton Company. This deposit was complete with the close of the apostolic age. Yet, many of the changes and "traditions" that this paper documents happened well AFTER the time of the original apostles, hence many should not be accepted as proper or biblical traditions. There are also shorterforms of the scapular ( Many Catholic devotions are based solely on private revelations: the Rosary, the Sacred Heart, and the Scapular are cases in point (Dupont, Yves. Yet, many give it extreme and blasphemous importance. "Nevertheless, I have a few things against you, because you allow... xxvi; the same comparison of fire which purges gold of its impurities is to be found there; so also shall the power of God purge nature of that which is preternatural, namely, of evil... Controversy arose during the third century about some of Origen's opinions...a synod of Constantinople in 543 condemned nine propositions attributed to him, notably concerning..final restoration of all... Those who, through no fault of their own, do not know the Gospel of Christ or his Church, but who nevertheless seek God with a sincere heart, and, moved by grace, try in their actions to do his will as they know it through the dictates of their conscience — those too may achieve eternal salvation (Catechism of the Catholic Church. Rightly then does the apostle declare, "Flesh and blood cannot inherit the kingdom of God;" for this (honour) does he ascribe to the changed condition which ensues on the resurrection (Tertullian. It is a change that the Church of Rome must have gotten outside of the Bible. If Irenaeus’ Marcus and the Orthodox’s Marcus are the same person, it is clear that one in the list of Alexandria's Orthodox successors was condemned by Irenaeus as a heretic. of the office, neither sacrificing nor lending his authority to sacrifices; not farming out victims; not assigning to others the care of temples; not looking after their tributes; not giving spectacles at his own or the public charge, or presiding over the giving them; making proclamation or edict for no solemnity; not even taking oaths: moreover (what comes under the head of We have continually included the emperors in these historical details; because from the time they began to profess the Christian religion, the affairs of the Church have depended on them, so that even the greatest Synods have been, and still are convened by their appointment (Socrates Scholasticus. After Emperor Constantine, Roman Pontiffs have crowned various ones as Emperors as well as encouraged Roman Catholics to hold other political offices. This, of course, changed within the Roman Catholic Church after Emperor Constantine arose. The other has the power to call down fire from Heaven and to shut the sky to prevent the rain (Elijah). What is the “Harlot City” in the Book of Revelation? The "day for a year" interpretation is taken from Ezek. Since this is the re-establishment, yet future, of the Roman Empire, which does not take place until the time of the first WOE, it appears that these "witnesses" are two literal men, not the Old and the New Testaments of the Bible, as some believe. They will announce God’s judgments to a world in rebellion against Him, and will confront the power of the Beast and the False Prophet. Many will celebrate at their deaths, since the False Prophet will have accused them of causing all of the world’s troubles. Holy and full of gentleness, he shall undo all wrong, he shall recover the states of the Church, and reunite the exiled temporal powers. Queenship Publishing Company, Goleta (CA), 1996, pp.247-248). A great prince of the North with a most powerful army will traverse all Europe, uproot all republics, and exterminate all rebels. Interestingly, even Roman Catholic scholars often teach that the Apostle John's references to Babylon in the Book of Revelation (circa 95 A. Notice what the commentary in the The author of the Commentaries upon the Apocalypse set forth in St. Thus Roman Catholic scholars often realize that it was commonly understood from the earliest times that Apostle John's biblical references to Babylon are referring to Rome. "..Chiliasm [the teaching of the Millennium] and Montanism were declared heretical and were excluded from the universal church; for they both denied this vision [the "Christ is the end of the ages" vision] and awaited still another period of more definitive salvation to follow after the age of Christ" (as cited in Birch, pp. The obligation of the natural moral law constitutes part of this revelation. However, the Roman Catholic Church believes there are thousands of times more actual Christians alive today than those in the genuine COG believe that there are (though COG believes that more will ultimately be saved than the Roman Catholics normally do). Apostolicity of doctrine requires that the deposit of faith committed to the Apostles shall remain unchanged. The fact that there are seven churches addressed and the number seven suggests completion, combined with the fact that the churches are listed in the same order as they would receive mail in the Roman times, is also consistent with the view that these churches were to represent the true church throughout the ages in a type of sequential order of predominance. Within the society of believers not only were the members united by common rites, but the tie of unity was so close as to bring about in the Church of Jerusalem that condition of things in which the disciples had all things common (ii, 44). NOR COULD PETER HAVE POSSIBLY BEEN BISHOP OF ROME FOR MUCH OF THE THIRTY-PLUS YEARS AFTER THAT TIME AS HE TRAVELED WITHIN ASIA MINOR AND TO JERUSALEM REPEATEDLY. 09/04/13) While Peter played a predominant role among the apostles, after his death, that leadership role would have passed to another apostle (John) and not to an elder who may have lived in Rome. The Apostle John died in Ephesus at the end of the first century. The adherents to this sect are known commonly as Nazarenes; they believe in Christ the Son of God, born of , the Virgin Mary; and they say that He who suffered under Pontius Pilate and rose again (Jerome. The handling of confession, forgiveness of sins, and repentance/penance are differences between the COG and the Roman Catholics (an article of possible interest may be History of Auricular Confession and the 'Sacrament of Confession'). Holy Scripture is therefore not the only theological source of the Revelation made by God to His Church. Together, Scripture and Tradition form the one sacred deposit of the word of God. 81 “Sacred Scripture is the speech of God as it is put down in writing under the breath of the Holy Spirit.” “And [Holy] Tradition transmits in its entirety the Word of God which has been entrusted to the apostles by Christ the Lord and the Holy Spirit. about fourteen to eighteen inches), and of such a length that it reaches not quite to the feet in front and behind. Thus, it should be clear that the dress of the Roman/Orthodox clergy did not originate from the Bible, but were later additions from source outside the Bible. A brown scapular originally was a wool object that sometimes comes in the form of metals instead. "Sister Lucia has said all Catholics should wear the Brown Scapular as part of the Fatima message" (Anon. "But I have a few things against you, because you have there those who hold the doctrine of Balaam..eat things sacrificed to idols" (Revelation ). Gregory recurs to the same thought of the final annihilation of evil, in his "Oratio catechetica", ch. We say, therefore, that the flesh rises again, but that when changed it obtains the kingdom... Hence, the earliest picture of the eucharist host did not come from what is practiced in today's Roman Catholicism--so the question from whence the Catholics adopted it remains.) Thus, to have a Passover/eucharistic ceremony where they bread is not broken is certainly not imitating Jesus, the Apostle Paul, nor the early Christians. And that it is due to a later Catholic tradition that unclean animals became food for Roman supporters. (Statement of Beliefs of the Continuing Church of God, accessed 09/04/13) While Tertullian (late second/early third century) suggests that it might be possible to be part of the world's governments, he had reservations about it. One has the power to smite the land with every plague and turn the waters to blood (Moses in the Exodus). The key to the question is this: A day in prophecy represents a year in fulfillment DURING the "times" of Israel's punishment. 2nd, at the END of their testimony, or "1260 days", it is "the BEAST THAT ASCENDED OUT OF THE BOTTOMLESS PIT" which kills them. 7) God will use these two men to perform miracles similar to those performed by Moses and Elijah. Just like John the Baptist was really not Elijah, but came in the Spirit and Power of Elijah, so the two witnesses may come in the Spirit and Power of Moses and Elijah. The Two Witnesses, 2007) A remarkable Pope will be seated on the pontifical throne, under special protection of the angels. There will be one common law, only one faith, one baptism, one religion... Trial, Tribulation & Triumph: Before During and After Antichrist. Willinger, Bishop of Monterey-Fresno; Reprint: Tan Books and Publishers, Rockford (IL), 1984, p.36). PAUL called to be an Apostle of JESUS Christ, by the will of God, and Sothenes a brother, To the Church of God that is at Corinth, to the sanctified in Christ JESUS, called to be saints, with all that invocate the name of our Lord JESUS Christ in every place of theirs and ours (1 Corinthians 1:2, St. Related to Peter, a major difference between the two churches is that the Roman Church claims Peter died in Rome and placed Linus in charge to succeed him, and that the true church would be traced through Rome. Polycarp became prominent during the first couple of decades of the second century. apparations and locutions with or without prophecies) are those which have been recorded since the days of Christ. Commandment 3 "Therefore I say to you, every sin and blasphemy will be forgiven men, but the blasphemy against the Spirit will not be forgiven men" (Matthew ). It is to be borne in mind, however, that certain beings who fell away from that one beginning of which we have spoken, have sunk to such a depth of unworthiness and wickedness as to be deemed altogether undeserving of that training and instruction by which the human race, while in the flesh, are trained and instructed with the assistance of the heavenly powers; and continue, on the contrary, in a state of enmity and opposition to those who are receiving this instruction and teaching. Paul be fulfilled: Deus erit omnia in omnibus (1 Corinthians ), which means that evil shall, ultimately, have an end, since, if God be all in all, there is no longer any place for evil (cols. Gregory of Nyssa, but is taken from Origen, who seems at times reluctant to decide concerning the question of the eternity of punishment... While the Church later rejected some of his opinions, there can be no doubt about Origen's intentions to remain faithful to the apostolic tradition (Sullivan F. From Apostles to Bishops: The Development of the Episcopacy in the Early Church. But “if they fail to respond in thought, word and deed to that grace, not only shall they not be saved, but they shall be the more severely judged.” What about non-Christians? If he was driven away from the church by nasty Christians, he may never truly have understood Jesus. This “good news” includes the truth that God will ultimately of Salvation: There Are Hundreds of Verses in the Bible Supporting the Doctrine of True Apocatastasis)... Instead, it is a round host that the says can/should be worshipped and adored (CCC #1378, p. Yet, there is no indication that the early Christians or the apostles did anything like that. Since Clement of Alexandria apparently was familiar with his writings and perhaps practices, it may be that it was at least partially from Marcus' influence that certain eucharistic practices were adopted... For more on the development of the host and other related matters, please see the article Marcus, the Marcosians, & Mithraism: Developers of the Eucharist? Howbeit you should know that as long as the primitive church retained its perfection unbroken, this observance of Lent did not exist (Cassian John. (day of ashes) which it bears in the Roman Missal is found in the earliest existing copies of the Gregorian Sacramentary and probably dates from at least the eighth century (Ash Wednesday. Thus, the Roman Catholics admit that the name Easter is the name of a pagan goddess, many of its practices are of pagan origin, and that the churches in Asia Minor (which they call the Orient) continued to observe Passover on the date that the Jews did, Nisan 14. Furthermore, they have tended to use world leaders to enforce their practices. And for these the witnesses take their seats, and the boxers meet in single combat, for no reason whatever, nor does any one come down into the arena to succour. Therefore it seems that the most logical identification of the Two Witnesses is the one generally accepted -- Moses and Elijah. Malachi says (4:5) Elijah shall come BEFORE the "Day of the Lord," and they probably will BEGIN their ministry before the "Day of the Lord" commences. In a sense, John the Baptist was Elijah fulfilling the prophecy of Mal. John the Baptist was NOT Elijah, as he plainly said, yet he came in the power and spirit of Elijah, and in that sense he was Elijah. The city of Babylon shall then be the head and guide of the world. That beast of the Apocalypse, to whom is given a mouth speaking blasphemies, and to make war with the saints, is sitting on the throne of Peter, like a lion ready for his prey. He will be the greatest and the last of all Monarchs. He will combat on behalf of the true orthodox faith, and shall subdue to his dominion the Mahometan Empire. But otherwise it signifieth the whole city of the Devil, that is, the universal corps of the reprobate. The Babylon near the Euphrates was not to arise again according to scripture (Jeremiah ). It has been the common opinion among Jews, Gentiles, and Latin and Greek Christians, that the present evil world will last no more than 6,000 years... 676 The Antichrist's deception already begins to take shape in the world every time the claim is made to realize within history that messianic hope which can only be realized beyond history through the eschatological judgment. And while the old Catholic Encyclopedia admits that the idea of millenarianism was abandoned once the Catholic Church had good relations with the Roman Empire, Pope Benedict claims that the reason to teach against millenarianism is that it shows that God has a plan of salvation beyond this age. The Vatican Council declares: "The Holy Ghost was not promised to the successors of Peter, in order that through His revelation they might manifest new doctrine: but that through His assistance they might religiously guard, and faithfully expound the revelation handed down by the Apostles, or the deposit of the faith" (Conc. The Church therefore is infallible in matters both of faith and morals...(Joyce G. The Church of God acknowledges that the term "Church of God" has been used by itself, or with other descriptive terms, throughout history. Yet the universal mission of the Church revealed itself but gradually. Peter indeed makes mention of it from the first (Acts ). This also goes against prophecies like Revelation 14:4. As a young man, Polycarp had been a personal disciple of John and had observed the Passover with him on several occasions. Officially according to Vatican II, the Roman Catholic Church bases its teachings on what has been called "Sacred Scripture and Sacred Tradition" (Dogmatic Constitution on Divine Revelation, Dei Verbum #9, Vatican Council II. This granted, it is impossible to be satisfied with the Bible alone for the solution of all dogmatic questions (Bainvel J. In addition to traditions claimed to have come from the apostles, private revelations outside the Bible have also been accepted, but are not required to be believed: Private revelations (i.e. My servants to..things sacrificed to idols" (Revelation ). The doctrine of the apokatastasis is not, indeed, peculiar to St. As a result, most of his works in the original Greek were destroyed... According to a document produced in 2000 by then-Cardinal Joseph Ratzinger (now Pope Benedict XVI), salvation comes through grace. A second judgment is the Great White Throne judgment (Revelation -12) which comes after the millennial reign of Jesus and His saints (Revelation 20:4-6), and then the judgment (perhaps the word sentence may also describe it) of Death and Hades (Revelation -14)... Yet, in the eucharistic ceremonies in the Catholic Church, the bread is not broken. And even if they are not, as will be shown later, some of the practices of consecration with mysterious invocations he was claimed to do were condemned in the second century--even though this is somewhat similar to practices adopted by the Roman and Orthodox Churches. 114) s are familiar with what the Bible teaches, the Church of God still "breaks bread" and did not adopt innovations such as the rounded host or adding the letters IHS. The Roman Catholic Church also allows, and sometimes encourages, its members to vote. Military Participation in Carnal Warfare Leaders of both groups clearly taught against being involved in carnal warfare until the third or fourth centuries. 3rd, after their testimony is ended, and they have been killed and resurrected, it says in verse 14 "the second woe is past," So the time of the ENDING of their "1260 days" prophesying is the time of the second woe, or the war in which Red Russia will be the aggressor. So it is likely the two witnesses will be two men who will come in the power and spirit of Elijah and Moses, or Enoch. Throughout the three-and-a-half years of their prophetic career, they will receive God’s supernatural protection, just as Elijah did many centuries earlier (cf. Their unburied bodies will lie in Jerusalem’s streets for three-and-a-half days, then they will be restored to life and will rise in the air, disappearing into the clouds while their enemies watch in shocked amazement (Revelation –12). As the only Pastor, he shall reunite the Eastern to the Western Church... Through him the East and West shall be in ever lasting concord. "that beast of the Apocalypse, to whom is given a mouth speaking blasphemies, occupies the chair of Peter, as a lion ready for the prey"? Bernard is not speaking of the Pope, but of the Antipope " ( It is now the time for action, because they have destroyed the law. Some of our Teachers say that a King of the Franks will possess the entire Roman Empire. His sword moved by Divine power will most valiantly defend the Church of Jesus Christ. Ambrose name, writeth thus: This...sometime signifieth Rome, specially which at that time when the Apostle wrote this, did persecute the Church of God. It should probably also be mentioned since "Mystery Babylon" of Revelation 17:9 sits on seven hills/mountains, yet the Babylon of Mesopotamia was on a plain, that obviously, this is a changed location from the Babylon of Old Testament times. It is the time when the Seventh Millennium will set in, and will be the day of Sabbath in the plan of creation... 515-516; note the comments within  were from the Catholic writer Birch). It was the leaders in Asia Minor who stood for the Millennium and were the first to oppose Montanism--whom the Roman Catholics originally tolerated (please see section later in this article called Early Heretics; also this is mentioned in the article Location of the Early Church)--hence the belief in one is NOT necessarily related to the other.By COGwriter Nearly everyone in the West feels that they know about the Roman Catholic Church, but few understand what many of its original beliefs were. They form part of a Church which embraces all space and in a certain sense both time and eternity, since it is militant, suffering, and triumphant. Alban's Christian Study Centre and the Hertfordshire Newman Association at St. "Then He went down to Capernaum, a city of Galilee, and was teaching them on the Sabbaths" (Luke ). Is it lawful on the Sabbath to do good or to do evil, to save life or to destroy? "But the ruler of the synagogue answered with indignation, because Jesus had healed on the Sabbath... So ought not this woman..loosed from this bond on the Sabbath? "And I say to you, whoever divorces his wife, except for sexual immorality, and marries another, commits adultery, and whoever marries her who is divorced commits adultery" (Matthew 19:9). "Whoever divorces his wife and marries another commits adultery against her. Purgatory (Lat., "purgare", to make clean, to purify) in accordance with Catholic teaching is a place or condition of temporal punishment for those who, departing this life in God's grace, are, not entirely free from venial faults, or have not fully paid the satisfaction due to their transgressions. It was through Origen that the Platonist doctrine of the apokatastasis passed to St. The doctrine of apokatastasis viewed as a belief in a universal salvation is found among the Anabaptists...(Batiffel, Pierre. The biblical festivals also help show that while some are predestined to be called in this Church Age (Ephesians 1:4-12; Acts 2:1-47), there is an age to come (Acts ; Matthew ), and the destiny of all others is to be presented an opportunity for salvation on the Last Great Day (John -38; -48; Romans -21). (Statement of Beliefs, Continuing Church of God, viewed 09/04/13) Protestants tend to put people in only two categories, the saved and the condemned. Because the Sunday after 14 Nisan was the historical day of the Resurrection, at Rome this Sunday became the Christian feast of Easter... In the Neumark (Germany) on Easter Day the men servants whip the maid servants with switches; on Monday the maids whip the men. These customs are probably of pre-Christian origin (Reinsberg-Düringsfeld, Das festliche Jahr, 118)... Easter supposedly embodies a number of "converging traditions;" most scholars try to associate Easter with the Jewish festival of Passover, or Pesach, and the King James version of Acts 12:4 even mistranslates Pesach (Greek for Passover) "Easter." Christians of Jewish origin celebrated the Passover festival, which fell on the evening of the full moon (the 14 day of the month of Nisan, the first month of the year). The Bible, itself, warns against being part of the new Babylon (Revelation 18:4-5). Verily I say unto you, that He shall gird Himself, and make them to sit down [to meat], and will come forth and serve them. John's Apocalypse; the result was that millenarianism spread and gained staunch advocates not only among the heretics but among the Catholic Christians as well... Irenaeus of Lyons, a native of Asia Minor, influenced by the companions of St. Trial, Tribulation & Triumph: Before During and After Antichrist.
Additionally, most realize that they know very little about the doctrines of the Church of God (CCOG). This claim that the Catholic religion is the only genuine form of Christianity may startle some by its exclusiveness. Alban's Abbey, Hertfordshire, England, on May 17, 2003). And if a woman divorces her husband and marries another, she commits adultery" (Mark -12). "Whoever divorces his wife and marries another commits adultery; and whoever marries her who is divorced from her husband commits adultery" (Luke ). The Catholic doctrine of purgatory supposes the fact that some die with smaller faults for which there was no true repentance, and also the fact that the temporal penalty due to sin is it times not wholly paid in this life... Yet, both the Roman Catholics and the COG believe that there is something different for those that are not incorrigibly wicked. The Easter Rabbit The Easter Rabbit lays the eggs, for which reason they are hidden in a nest or in the garden. Passover therefore fell on different days of the week from year to year. And it could possibly include a cross as one of its symbols, as ancient Babylon did as well (Hislop A. First published as a pamphlet in 1853--greatly expanded in 1858). Europa, the Beast, and the Book of Revelation 09/04/13) While both the Roman Catholic Church and the COG teach that the Bible warns about a revived Roman Empire called Babylon, the Roman Catholic Church sometimes teaches that a future revival of the Holy Roman Empire--including being called Babylon by one of its prophets--is a good thing, while the COG considers that the future revival that certain Roman Catholics are waiting for is something that the world needs to be warned about! And if He shall come in the evening watch, and find them so, blessed are they, because He shall make them sit down, and minister to them; or if this be in the second, or it be in the third, blessed are they." Again John also says the very same in the Apocalypse: "Blessed and holy is he who has part in the first resurrection." Then, too, Isaiah has declared the time when these events shall occur; he says: "And I said, Lord, how long? Polycarp, adopted millenarian ideas, discussing and defending them in his works against the Gnostics (Adv. In the West, the millenarian expectations of a glorious kingdom of Christ and His just, found adherents for a long time. Queenship Publishing Company, Goleta (CA), 1996, p. It is important to understand that according to the Bible, the false prophet is NOT and cannot be a precursor of the final antichrist (please see the article Doctrines of Antichrist), hence those later Catholic interpretations appear to be in conflict with scripture. As a young man, Polycarp had been a personal disciple of John and had observed the Passover with him on several occasions. The preserved history of the Sabbath-keeping Church of God has been almost entirely written by its enemies who viewed it as heretical (Ogwyn J. Throughout Christian history, the true church has normally used a version of the expression “Church of God” (or Church of Christ, cf. Zenit, October 15, 2015 Truth, and not what is "merely fashionable," must guide Christians as they enter into dialogue with those who hold different philosophies or religious beliefs, Pope Benedict XVI said..."People were created by God, who is truth, in order to find truth and not to settle for "the myths of custom, cultural habits or the fashion of the moment," he said. Contend earnestly for the faith once for all delivered to the saints (Jude 3, NKJV), Let brotherly love (Philadelphia) continue (Hebrews 13:1)…continuing stedfastly in the teaching of the apostles (Acts YLT)... The combination "the Catholic Church" (he katholike ekklesia) is found for the first time in the letter of St. But by the fourth century, Catholic became recognized as the name for what we know commonly know as the Roman Catholic and Eastern Orthodox churches--even though they no longer held to the practices of the Smyrnaeans that Ignatius wrote to, when he used it originally. Nor is there any indication that the true Church should be forever based out of a single city or from Rome... But contrariwise when they had seen that to me was committed the Gospel of the prepuce, as to Peter of the circumcision 8. Still others..called 'Quartodecimans", because they wanted Easter to always be on the quartodecima die, the fourteenth day, of the Jewish month of Nisan, when Passover is. In fact, whole segments of Christianity split with the Church over this issue (Johnson, Kevin Orlin. To these things all the Asiatic Churches testify, as do also those men who have succeeded Polycarp down to the present time (Irenaeus. Book III, Chapter 4, Verse 3 and Chapter 3, Verse 4). More about the practices of the Smyrnaeans is included in the article Location of the Early Church: Another Look at Ephesus, Smyrna, and Rome. Sabbath-keeping in Asia Minor was publicly still going on to at least 364 A. or else the Eastern Church would not have convened a Council in Laodicea to excommunicate any who rested on the seventh day as it declared, CANON XXIX. We must come to God acknowledging our sin with no excuses, and recognizing our utter lack of self-sufficiency to transform ourselves. It is true that Catholics do not think that revelation ended with what is in the New Testament. John Cardinal Farley, Archbishop of New York ) In other words, even the rosary, one of the foundations of Catholic living, is admitted to have entered the Catholic world through "private revelation"--a tradition outside the Bible (the rosary "revelation" was supposedly given to "St. As commonly divided, it is a collection of 66 books, with 39 from the Hebrew scriptures (The Old Testament Canon) and 27 from the Greek Scriptures (The New Testament Canon). II, Question lxxi), and was adopted by the Council of Trent... This is the first and the great commandment" (Matthew ). (A Treatise concerning Antichrist, Purgatory, the Invocation of Saints, and the Sacraments" as shown in Jones, William. Thus if the Roman position is true, it would seem to contradict Jesus’ teaching, as it would seem to be easier for a rich man/woman to get into heaven than a poor one who could not have as much almsgiving on his/her behalf. But even if all these facts did not exist, your own sagacity would prompt you to watch with diligence and with prayer, lest your pure minds should appear to share in the customs of a people so utterly depraved. A priest may say only one Mass each day, except that on Christmas Day he may say three (Adrian Fortescue. It seems that the form differed but little from what it is in our day. Unclean Meats Now the law has figuratively predicted all these, delineating man by the [various] animals: whatsoever of these, says [the Scripture], have a double hoof and ruminate, it proclaims as clean; but whatsoever of them do not possess one or other of these [properties], it sets aside by themselves as unclean... The "Liber Pontificalis" ascribes to Pope Eleutherius a decree that no kind of food should be despised by Christians (Et hoc iterum firmavit ut nulla esca a Christians repudiaretur, maxime fidelibus, quod Deus creavit, quæ tamen rationalis et humana est). In the flux of history, the papacy has been, not a mere spectator, but a major player. The Apostle Paul taught “we are ambassadors for Christ” (2 Corinthians ; Ephesians ). Therefore they must be slain by Antichrist (Victorinus. And I will grant my two witnesses power to prophesy for one thousand two hundred and sixty days, clothed in sackcloth. This prince shall extend his dominion over the total universe. The next faithful leader in Asia Minor..Polycarp, bishop of Smyrna. The true Church, symbolized by a woman in Revelation 12, was forced to flee into the wilderness..true Church’s history is not about one continuous human organization. The predominant biblical name of the true Church in the New Testament is “Church of God.” Variants of this expression are clearly stated singular and plural forms in twelve different places in the New Testament (Acts ; 1 Corinthians 1:2; ; ,22; ;15:9; 2 Corinthians 1:1; Galatians ; 1 Thessalonians ; 2 Thessalonians 1:4; 1 Timothy 3:5,15). Synod Turns to More Tough Issues At Press Briefing, a Reminder That “Church Has No Authority or Power to Change the Word of God”. Thus we meet such phrases as the "the catholic resurrection" (Justin Martyr), "the catholic goodness of God" (Tertullian), "the four catholic winds" (Irenaeus), where we should now speak of "the general resurrection", "the absolute or universal goodness of God", "the four principal winds", etc... The term universal or "Catholic" was not in the Bible or shown in early writings to be the name of the true Church, simply a description of one aspect of it. That the terms bishop and presbyter are synonymous is evident from Titus 1:5-7: "I left thee in Crete, that thou shouldest . However, he was only one of 12 original apostles, and there is nothing in scripture that suggests that the place of his death (which is not known as a certainty) should become the permanent headquarters for the true church. But Polycarp also was not only instructed by apostles, and conversed with many who had seen Christ, but was also, by apostles in Asia, appointed bishop of the Church in Smyrna…always taught the things which he had learned from the apostles, and which the Church has handed down, and which alone are true. The Roman Catholics do not keep various practices of the faithful Smyrnaeans such as Passover on the 14th or the days of unleavened bread. Pentecost (Jewish Feast) The Catholic Encyclopedia, Volume XI. Since Asia Minor (including Smyrna) was a Gentile area, the terms preparation and Sabbath would not have been relevant. Excerpted from Nicene and Post-Nicene Fathers, Series One, Volume 1. The Bible defines sin for us by telling us in 1 John 3:4: "To commit sin is to break God's law: sin, in fact, is lawlessness" (NEB). Paul explained in Romans 7:7 that he would have had no way of knowing that lust was a sin except that the law, the Tenth Commandment, said, "You shall not covet." Repentance involves a mindset of unconditional surrender to God of our life and our will. THE HOLY BIBLE The Holy Bible is the inspired Word of God. Augustine (fifth century) in his book of "Questions of Exodus" ("Quæstionum in Heptateuchum libri VII", Bk. "You shall love the LORD your God with all your heart, with all your soul, and with all your mind. He seduces the people from Christ, drawing off their minds from seeking those blessings in him, by a lively faith in God, in Jesus Christ, and in the Holy Spirit, and teaching his followers to expect them by the *will and pleasure and works of Antichrist. Yet, the Roman Church indicates that giving money on behalf of the dead helps them. There is a heaven, i.e., God will bestow happiness and the richest gifts on all those who depart this life free from original sin and personal mortal sin, and who are, consequently, in the state of justice and friendship with God (Hontheim, Joseph. Further, it is quite likely that the mention of the Blessed Virgin in the intercessions of the diptychs of the liturgy goes back to the days before the Council of Nicaea, but we have no definite evidence upon the point, and the same must be said of any form of direct invocation, even for purposes of private devotion (Herbert Thurston. Inasmuch, then, as the Church offers with single-mindedness, her gift is justly reckoned a pure sacrifice with God..bread over which thanks have been given is the body of their Lord, and the cup His blood (Irenaeus. "For we could never tolerate celebrating the Passover twice in one year. The Mass is the complex of prayers and ceremonies that make up the service of the Eucharist in the Latin rites... For a time the Saint was denounced as a heretic and the symbol regarded as idolatrous...(Cruz JC. (1 Corinthians -24, Douay-Rheims) ..first Christians...simply used the bread that served as food. For as the pomegranate, with the rind containing it, has within it many cells and compartments which are separated by tissues, and has also many seeds dwelling in it, so the whole creation is contained by the spirit of God, and the containing spirit is along with the creation contained by the hand of God (Theophilus of Antioch. Wicked angels who followed Satan are in chains of darkness, imprisoned for their own folly (Jude 6). Read it: "When once the long suffering of God waited in the days of Noah, while the ark was a preparing ...." That's when Jesus preached to the spirits or wicked angels — in the days of Noah, not during the time He was dead and buried in the grave! Not only is this not taught in the Bible, it is a violation of the sign Jesus said would prove His Messiahship in Matthew . March 21, 2015) As neither group teaches that Jonah descended to Hades to preach to humans, this is something that should not be taught, though this descent doctrine is taught as dogma by the Church of Rome. He also decreed that no kind of food in common use should be rejected especially by the Christian faithful, inasmuch as God created it; provided it was a rational food and fit for human kind (Book of the Pontiffs (Liber Pontificalis) 2nd edition. Liverpool University Press - Translated Texts for Historians, Liverpool, 2001, p.17). Also, in another sense, standing in the presence of the lord of the earth, that is, in the presence of Antichrist. , and in a special way France, and in France especially the provinces of the north, of the east, and above all that of Lorraine and Champagne, shall have been laid waste by the greatest miseries and trials, then the provinces shall be comforted by a prince who had been exiled in his youth, and who shall recover the crown of the lilies. Her members do not constitute a sect nor will they consent to be known as such, because they do not belong to a party called into existence by a human leader, or to a school of thought sworn to the dictates of a mortal master. Keynote speech from the Conference of the Society for Ecumenical Studies, the St. "And as His custom was, He went into the synagogue on the Sabbath day, and stood up to read" (Luke ). "are you angry with Me because I made a man completely well on the Sabbath? Commandment 5 "For God commanded saying, 'Honor your father and your mother' and 'He who curses father or mother, let him be put to death'" (Matthew 15:4). These are the things which defile a man" (Matthew -20). All these evil things come from within and defile a man" (Mark ,23). Death, the last enemy, shall be destroyed, the body shall be made spiritual, the world of matter shall be transformed, and there shall be, in the universe, only peace and unity... It was destined, nevertheless, to be revived in the works of ecclesiastical writers... The biblical festivals show that Christ was truly sacrificed (1 Corinthians 5:7) and Christians are to live without the leaven of hypocrisy, malice, and wickness (Luke 12:1; 1 Corinthians 5:6-13). For this observance they claimed the authority of St. Every Sunday of the year was a commemoration of the Resurrection of Christ, which had occurred on a Sunday. Is it acceptable to Christ for Christians to worship Him as the heathen worshiped their chief god? Rome, weakened in temporal power, shall forever preserve her spiritual dominion, and shall enjoy great peace…At the beginning, in order to bring these happy results, having need of a powerful assistance, this holy Pontiff will ask the cooperation of the generous monarch of France (Great Monarch). 31-32) Despite the fact that the current Pope seems to warn against certain aspects of Babylon, Europe is trying to become the end time Babylon and the next pontiff (even if he makes some anti-Babylon statements) may be the one who truly supports the final Babylon. And the light of the moon shall be as the light of the sun, seven times that of the day, when He shall heal the anguish of His people, and do away with the pain of His stroke." Now "the pain of the stroke" means that inflicted at the beginning upon disobedient man in Adam, that is, death; which [stroke] the Lord will heal when He raises us from the dead, and restores the inheritance of the fathers, as Isaiah again says: "And thou shall be confident in the LORD, and He will cause thee to pass over the whole earth, and feed thee with the inheritance of Jacob thy father." This is what the Lord declared: "Happy are those servants whom the Lord when He cometh shall find watching. Hence it is commonly known as the "millennium", while the belief in the future realization of the kingdom is called "millenarianism" (or "chiliasm", from the Greek chilia, scil. ...a large number of Christians of the post-Apostolic era, particularly in Asia Minor, yielded so far to Jewish apocalyptic as to put a literal meaning into these descriptions of St. The Life and Revelations of Anne Catherine Emmerich, Volume 2. He will "ape" the role that John the Baptist performed in preparing the people to for the arrival of the Messiah" (Birch, DA. She is the sole custodian of the complete teaching of Jesus Christ which must be accepted in its entirety by all mankind. To stand in the apostolic succession is not a matter of an individual historical chain but of collegial membership in a collegium, which as a whole goes back to the apostles by sharing the same apostolic faith and the same apostolic mission (Kasper, Cardinal Walter. "And when the Sabbath had come, He began to teach in the synagogue" (Mark 6:2). And they could not answer Him regarding these things" (Luke 14:3,6). These are the things which defile a man" (Matthew -20). "For out of the heart proceed evil thoughts...adulteries, fornications... The evolution will be long, incalculably long in some cases, but a time will come when God shall be all in all. From the moment, however, that anti-Origenism prevailed, the doctrine of the apokatastasis was definitely abandoned... 38 He who believes in Me, as the Scripture has said, out of his heart will flow rivers of living water.”,,, By observing the days that the Bible enjoins, Christians can come to understand more deeply God’s plan of salvation, and some of the steps taken toward salvation. Since Christ, the true Paschal Lamb, had been slain on the very day when the Jews, in celebration of their Passover, immolated the figurative lamb, the Jewish Christians in the Orient followed the Jewish method... In the rest of the empire another consideration predominated. Would it matter to Christ if a Christian took symbols of fertility — which all the world recognizes as such — and held them up as symbols of Him? The city of Babylon shall then be the head and guide of the world. That the whole creation shall, according to God's will, obtain a vast increase, that it may bring forth and sustain fruits such [as we have mentioned], Isaiah declares: "And there shall be upon every high mountain, and upon every prominent hill, water running everywhere in that day, when many shall perish, when walls shall fall. For all these and other words were unquestionably spoken in reference to the resurrection of the just, which takes place after the coming of Antichrist, and the destruction of all nations under his rule; in [the times of] which [resurrection] the righteous shall reign in the earth, waxing stronger by the sight of the Lord: and through Him they shall become accustomed to partake in the glory of God the Father, and shall enjoy in the kingdom intercourse and communion with the holy angels, and union with spiritual beings; and [with respect to] those whom the Lord shall find in the flesh, awaiting Him from heaven, and who have suffered tribulation, as well as escaped the hands of the Wicked one (Irenaeus. In hundreds also and in thousands the observation of the sacred number is by no means passed over, for not without a meaning did the Lord say: "I have left the seven thousand men, who have not bent their knees before Baal." Therefore the shadow of the future rest is figured in time in the days, months, and years of this world, and therefore the children of Israel are commanded by Moses, that in the seventh month, on the first day of the month, a rest should be established for all at the "memorial of the trumpets;" and that no servile work should be done, but a sacrifice be offered to God, because that at the end of the week, as it were the sabbath of the world, spiritual and not bodily work is required of us ( The evangelist John has spoken of these two resurrections in the book which is called the Apocalypse..Apostle John says in the foresaid book, "And I saw an angel come down from heaven. The duration of this glorious reign of Christ and His saints on earth, is frequently given as one thousand years. The two enemies of the Church..firmly resolved to destroy the pious and learned men that stand in their way" (Schmoger Carl E. 29-30) "The "False Prophet" arrives - - the Precursor of Antichrist. Approximate Quotes from: A History of the Church of God--The Transition from Sardis to the Philadelphia Era. GUARDING THE DEPOSIT OF FAITH IS THE MISSION WHICH THE LORD ENTRUSTED TO HIS CHURCH, and which she fulfills in every age. At the press conference, along with Jesuit Father Federico Lombardi, director of the Holy See Press Office, were the spokesmen of the different languages: in Spanish, Father Manuel Dorantes; in Italian, Father Bernard Hagenkord; in English, Father Thomas Rosica; and in French, Romilda Ferrauto. Polycarp and the presbyters with him to the church of God that sojourns at Philippi (Polycarp. 1 Corinthians 1:2) or another word, with it (1 Timothy ). The question at issue is, whether the Apostles did, or did not, establish in the Christian communities a hierarchical organization. The evidence thus far considered seems to demonstrate beyond all question that the hierarchical organization of the Church was, in its essential elements, the work of the Apostles themselves; and that to this hierarchy they handed on the charge entrusted to them by Christ of governing the Kingdom of God, and of teaching the revealed doctrine. I have tried to take space to MAKE IT CLEAR in this article (Armstrong, Herbert W. He was the Apostle to Israel while Paul was the Apostle to the Gentiles (Galatians 2:9). )—a bishop is essentially an elder who is a pastor or overseer (compare Acts 20 vss. John specifically taught what he learned from the beginning and the Bible is clear that John taught the truth of Christianity from the beginning (1 John 1:1-3; 2:3-4). I, therefore, brethren, am now 65 years in the Lord, who having conferred with the brethren throughout the world, and having studied the whole of the sacred Scriptures, am not at all alarmed at those things with which I am threatened, to intimidate me. (Hebrews 4:3-6,9-11, NJB) But what is the feast of the Sabbath except that which the apostle speaks, "There remaineth therefore a Sabbatism," that is, the observance of the Sabbath, by the people of God..us see how the Sabbath ought to be observed by a Christian. And when the synagogue was dismissed, many of the Jews, and of the strangers serving God, followed Paul and Barnabas: who speaking exhorted them to continue in the grace of God. While the Ephesians were told to live differently than the other Gentiles in whose nation they co-existed with, those with Justin Martyr could not be distinguished. There are several words rendered "repent" in the Bible. The Ten Commandments are precepts bearing on the fundamental obligations of religion and morality and embodying the revealed expression of the Creator's will in relation to man's whole duty to God and to his fellow-creatures. And this is prophesied to continue into the future, as the Apostle John was inspired to write,“the saints; here are those who keep the commandments of God and the faith of Jesus” (Revelation )... The worship that belongs alone to God he transfers to Antichrist himself—to the creature, male and female, deceased—to images, carcasses, and relics. Seeing that this doctrine is not contained, at least explicitly in the earlier forms of the Apostles' Creed, there is perhaps no ground for surprise if we do not meet with any clear traces of the cultus of the Blessed Virgin in the first Christian centuries. In truth, the Eucharist performs at once two functions: that of a sacrament and that of a sacrifice... "In the Mandaean mass" writes Cumont ("Mysterien des Mithra", Leipzig, 1903, p.118), "the celebrant consecrated bread and water, which he mixed with perfumed Haoma-juice, and ate this food while performing the functions of divine service". Since Jesus was only to be sacrificed once, the idea of a daily or weekly 'sacrifice of the mass' is opposed to the Bible and the original faith. Translated by Alexander Roberts and James Donaldson. In St, Thomas' time (III:82:3), the deacons were allowed to administer only the Chalice to the laity, and in case of necessity the Sacred Host also, at the bidding of the bishop or priest. He is especially remembered for his zeal..he popularized, with the help of St. Hannan, Archbishop of New Orleans, November 19, 1974. 26 And whilst they were at supper, Jesus took bread, and blessed, and broke: and gave to his disciples, and said: Take ye, and eat. (Matthew ,26 Douay-Rheims) 22 And whilst they were eating, Jesus took bread; and blessing, broke, and gave to them, and said: Take ye. (Mark , Douay-Rheims) 19 And taking bread, he gave thanks, and brake; and gave to them, saying: This is my body, which is given for you. (Luke , Douay-Rheims) 16 The chalice of benediction, which we bless, is it not the communion of the blood of Christ ? (Statement of Beliefs of the Continuing Church of God, accessed 09/04/13) Notice that even though they believe the Holy Spirit is a separate person, the Roman Catholics admit that comments in scripture about "Spirit" have different meanings/applications. Hippolytus of Rome, The Catholic Encyclopedia, 1910). Wherefore just as, before Christ, the mystery of Christ was believed explicitly by the learned, but implicitly and under a veil, so to speak, by the simple, so too was it with the mystery of the Trinity. Literally translated by Fathers of the English Dominican Province. 40 For as Jonas was in the whale's belly three days and three nights: so shall the Son of man be in the heart of the earth three days and three nights. But notice to WHOM Christ witnessed about the flood. 1973) When Did Jesus Preach to the Spirits in Prison? That it is not meet for Christians to bear arms (Hippolytus. But to the unbelieving and despisers, who obey not the truth, but are obedient to unrighteousness, when they shall have been filled with adulteries and fornications, and filthiness, and covetousness, and unlawful idolatries, there shall be anger and wrath, tribulation and anguish, and at the last everlasting fire shall possess such men (Theophilus of Antioch. For even the very word spoken to him testifies to him, saying, "Before I formed you in the belly I knew you; and before you came forth out of the womb I sanctified you, and I ordained you a prophet unto the nations." But he was not a prophet unto the nations; and thus the truthful word of God makes it necessary, which it has promised to set forth, that he should be a prophet to the nations.