What are the 5 stages of dating

13-Jul-2017 12:07 by 7 Comments

What are the 5 stages of dating

In 1973 English archaeologist Colin Renfrew hypothesized that Stonehenge was the centre of a confederation of Bronze Age chiefdoms.Other archaeologists, however, have since come to view this part of Salisbury Plain as a point of intersection between adjacent prehistoric territories, serving as a seasonal gathering place during the 4th and 3rd millennia for groups living in the lowlands to the east and west.

They were then arranged inside the circle in a horseshoe-shaped setting of five tall trilithons (paired uprights with a lintel)—the central and largest of which is known as the giant trilithon—surrounded by 30 uprights linked by curved lintels to form a circle.

Although it once was believed that the Aubrey Holes served as pits for wooden posts, excavation and archival research by the bluestones.

Human cremation burials were found within and around most of the holes, as well as within the encircling ditch and bank.

Stonehenge, prehistoric stone circle monument, cemetery, and archaeological site located on Salisbury Plain, about 8 miles (13 km) north of Salisbury, Wiltshire, England.

It was built in six stages between 30 Stonehenge has long been the subject of historical speculation, and ideas about the meaning and significance of the structure continued to develop in the 21st century.

English antiquarian John Aubrey in the 17th century and his compatriot archaeologist William Stukeley in the 18th century both believed the structure to be a Druid temple.

This idea has been rejected by more-recent scholars, however, as Stonehenge is now understood to have predated by some 2,000 years the Druids recorded by Julius Caesar.(Of an estimated 150–240 cremation burials at Stonehenge, 64 had been excavated by the first decade of the 21st century.) The great majority of the burials were of adult males, and pieces of unburned human bone were also found scattered around Stonehenge.The area surrounding the Aubrey Holes was used as a place of burial from roughly 3000 to 2300 Stonehenge Riverside Project in 2009, it consisted of about 25 Welsh bluestones and may have been used for cremating and removing the flesh from the bodies whose remains were buried and scattered at Stonehenge.Gerald Hawkins proposed that Stonehenge had been constructed as a “computer” to predict lunar and solar eclipses; other scientists also attributed astronomical capabilities to the monument.Most of these speculations, too, have been rejected by experts.The Altar Stone (a toppled upright so called because it looked to the 17th-century architect Inigo Jones like an altar at the centre of the monument) and another two sandstone monoliths likely came from the Brecon Beacons, a cluster of mountains about 60 miles (100 km) east of the Preseli range.

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